Do You Share Ancient Irish DNA? Find Out With GEDmatch

Do you share DNA with any of the four ancient Irish samples on GEDmatch? You can compare your DNA to Neolithic and Bronze Age remains uncovered in Northern Ireland. Here’s how to go about it.

How To Research Ancient Irish DNA Samples on GEDmatch

We have another article on using GEDmatch to research Neanderthal and other Archaic DNA samples. GEDmatch has a dedicated tool called “Archaic DNA Matches” to compare your DNA against a collection of specific samples.

However, the ancient Irish samples are not part of the Archaic DNA collection.

The Irish samples were pepared by Matt Kitching using the same techniques and uploaded as individual DNA kits to GEDmatch.

So, you will use the standard one-to-one comparison tool on GEDmatch to compare your DNA with each kit. There is a step-by-step tutorial in this article that takes you through the process. And we have a video walkthrough.

If you already know how to use GEDmatch tools, then here are the kit numbers:

KIT NUMBERDESCRIPTION
F999805Ballynahatty Neolithic Female
F999800Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
F999802Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2
F999801Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3

The Ballynahatty Neolithic Female

The oldest sample is a Neolithic female found in the townland of Ballynahatty, on the southern side of Belfast, Northern Ireland. The remains are dated to about 5,200 years old.

I’ve pinned the location in this map to show where we’re talking about.

Researchers say that this woman had brown eyes and black hair. When comparing her genetic makeup to modern humans, she is most akin to people of Spain and Sardinia. But her DNA also points to ancestors from the Middle East.

There’s a photo of a reconstruction of the woman’s head in this article from the BBC.

The Rathlin Island Bronze Age Males

Rathlin Island is further north, off the coast of Antrim, Northern Ireland. People still live there, which makes it the most northern inhabited island off the coast of the island of Ireland.

These three male specimens date back to the Bronze age. They are dated from three to four thousand years old.

Unlike the Ballynahatty female, these men had genetic variants for blue eyes. They also have the most common Y type found in the modern Irish population. The DNA point to ancestors from the Pontic Steppes.

Evidence for Mass Migration Into Ireland

Dr Lara Cassidy of Trinity College Dublin says that modern Celts are closer to the Rathlin Island men than the Ballynahatty woman.

Genetic affinity is strongest between the Bronze Age genomes and modern Irish, Scottish and Welsh.

Professor Dan Bradley of Trinity points out that these genomes show evidence of a wave of migration into the island of Ireland.

There was a great wave of genome change that swept into Europe from above the Black Sea into Bronze Age Europe and we now know it washed all the way to the shores of its most westerly island.

Just in case you’re puzzled by Professor Bradley’s Irish fondness for verbal flair – the “most westerly island of Europe” is, indeed, Ireland.

Ready To Compare Your DNA To These Ancient Irish?

Now that you have a bit of background, here is how to compare your own DNA to these four samples. You will need to have tested with one of the main consumer DNA testing companies. These include:

  • Ancestry
  • 23andMe
  • MyHeritage
  • FamilyTreeDNA
  • Living DNA

Upload Your DNA to GEDmatch

Follow this step-by-step article on how to upload your DNA to GEDmatch.

Or watch this video walkthrough on uploading your DNA to GEDmatch.

And always review the privacy and security policies of any site you intend to place your DNA with. If you’re satisfied and have uploaded your DNA to GEDmatch, then follow along with the next step-by-step tutorial on comparing your DNA to the ancient Irish kits.

A Video Walkthrough Of Comparing DNA With Ancient Irish Matches

If you prefer video, then here you go. Read further for an illustrated guide.

A Step-By-Step Guide To Comparing Your DNA To Ancient Irish Matches

1. Launch The One-To-One Autosomal Comparison Report

2. Enter Your Kit Number And One Of the Ancient Samples

If you’re not sure, this article section shows you how to find your own GEDmatch kit number.

3. Set The Minimum Threshold To 3 cM

If you don’t set a threshold, the default 7 cM will be used. You will probably not get any shared DNA at that level.

4. Compare Your DNA!

Hit the Compare button and scroll down the display to find any shared DNA.

How Do You Compare With Me?

I share 3.3 cM with the Ballynahatty female on chromosome #15.

I share 4.8 cM with Rathlin Man 1 on chromosome #18.

There is no shared DNA above 3 cM between myself and the other two Rathlin Island specimens.

Feel free to post a comment below with your own results.

Be Cautious With Small Segments Of DNA

It’s important not to draw conclusions or make too much out of such small segments of DNA. At these low levels, the reason for matching segments could be due to chance.

Our article on matching archaic DNA matches has a section on low thresholds of shared DNA. I discuss inheritance by chance, by common ancestor, and by population. It’s worth a read if you’re not familiar with these terms.

I’ll repeat here that examining these ancient DNA samples is for pure curiosity and fascination. I simply marvel at the fact that I can compare DNA to people born on the same island as me – thousands of years ago.

More Articles and Tutorials?

.

208 thoughts on “Do You Share Ancient Irish DNA? Find Out With GEDmatch”

      • COMPARAISON AVECF999805 ballynahatty ET MOI QUI PEUT M AIDER A COMPRENDRE JE DEBUTE MERCI
        Largest segment = 4.9 cM

        Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 13.7cM (0.382 Pct)

        3 shared segments found for this comparison.

        201471 SNPs used for this comparison.

        51.642 Pct SNPs are full identical

        Comparison took 0.193.
        CPU time used: 0.025.
        ET F999800 RATHLIN

        Largest segment = 4.9 cM

        Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 4.9cM (0.137 Pct)

        1 shared segments found for this comparison.

        203124 SNPs used for this comparison.

        51.485 Pct SNPs are full identical

        Comparison took 0.215.
        CPU time used: 0.028.

        Ver: Mar 22 2021 10 50 48

        Reply
        • Vous semblez avoir une petite quantité d’ADN (4,9 cM) en commun avec une Irlandaise d’il y a 5000 ans. Sous 7cM, ça peut être le fruit du hasard ou un segment commun à une grande partie des Européens. Le groupe Facebook Généalogie par ADN (Héritage français) pourrait vous être utile.

          Reply
    • I share dna with f999800 , f999801 , f999805
      22.1cm with 801 largest segment 4.8

      With 800…8.6cm largest 4.4

      With 805 22.5 largest segment 4.8
      I match three of them

      Reply
  1. 2 shared segments on Chr 23, largest 5.9 cMs, total 9.1 cMs with Ballynahatty female. Interesting in that my great Grandparents were born around Ballynahatty and were members of the 1st Ballynahatty Presbyterian church there, early to mid 1800’s before coming to Australia

    Reply
      • Hi Margaret

        My name is Glenda O’Reilly and I have traced my Irish connection from Ireland, to Quebec, to Newfoundland, where I was born.

        I just share Chr 17 3.1 cM with Ballynahatty Female. I have ancestors who lived in nearby Ballyskeagh.

        I share seven chr with Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1:
        Chr 1 3.7 cM
        Chr 8 3.1
        Chr 10 3.4
        Chr 11. 4.7
        Chr 15. 3.1
        Chr 18. 4.3
        Chr 22. 5.1

        I do not have a match with the other two Bronze Age Males.

        Reply
          • F999800
            Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
            1 243,602,390 244,824,192 3.6 224
            6 111,424,015 116,631,933 3.4 590
            11 131,331,105 132,671,611 3.7 344
            16 79,136,139 79,655,663 3.2 216
            18 7,174,604 8,213,200 4.8 236

            Largest segment = 4.8 cM

            Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 18.7cM (0.521 Pct)

            5 shared segments found for this comparison.

            430959 SNPs used for this comparison.

            52.533 Pct SNPs are full identical

            Comparison took 0.02.

      • Hello, I live in the USA, my father was adopted, but we know his mother’s maiden name was Cunningham and dna research says I’m Irish. My results:

        Rathlin Bronze Age male 1: Largest segment = 3.8 cM
        Chromosome 3= 3
        Chrom. 5= 3.2
        Chrom. 14= 3.4
        Chrom. 17= 3.8
        Chrom 18= 3.1
        Total Half-Match segments (HIR) = 16.4cM

        No matches w. other individuals.

        Reply
    • Running the Ancient data tool I show at 0.5, 1 and 2cm connection with some/all 4 but it has all but disappeared with only Rathlin1 remaining at 2cm then gone by 3cm. This means that when I run the one to one I get no match at all. Disappointing somewhat but reassuring that these are my strongest (greatest matches) on all the Archaic data groups.

      Reply
  2. Ballynatty female – chromosome 1- 3.3cm
    ” 12 – 3.7cm
    ” 18 -3.5 cm, 3.9 cm

    Rathylyn man 1 – chromosome 2 – 3.1cm
    ” 3 – 4.3cm
    ” 16 – 3.2cm, 3.3cm
    ” 18 – 3.1cm
    no others

    Reply
  3. I share 8 segments largest 4.3cM total half match segments of 28.7cM with Ballynahatty Neolithic Woman
    I share 5 shared segments with total half match segments shared of 18cM. Largest segment 4.6cM
    w Rathlin Bronze Age Man 1
    No shared segments with 2 and 3 Rathlin Bronze Age Man

    Reply
  4. I share 11.8 cM in three segments of 3.1, 4.4 and 4.3 with the Ballynahatty woman
    I share 31 cM over 8 separate segments with Rathlin 1 and none at all with Rathlin 2 or 3

    Reply
  5. Fascinating…My mother: Ballynahatty Female Ch1 3.3 Bronze Male 1 Ch6,15 Largest Seg 5.2 Total 9.1
    Me: B Female Chr 3,4,8,17,22 Largest Seg 4.2 Total 17.7cM
    Br Male 1 Chr 2,4,5,11 Largest Seg 3.8 Total 23.7
    My mother is mainly Irish/English, where as I have a chunk of Sicilian/Chilean ( originally from Spain)
    But what is truly mind-blowing is your link mentioned that one of the Bronze Males carried the mutation for Haemochromatosis (Iron overload) and the Ballynahatty woman also carried a variant for H associated with increased risk. I actually have that increased risk variation which is aggressive. My mother is a carrier.

    Reply
    • Thank you for the details.
      The haemochromatosis gene is more prevalent with Irish heritage, one in five modern Irish are carriers.

      Reply
  6. Ballynahatty Neolithic Woman chr 1,7,22-largest segment 4.4( C22) Total 11cM
    Rathlin Bronze Age Male1 chr 7,8,9,11,18,22 largest segment4.3 (C7) Total23.9 cM

    Reply
  7. My Mother’s sister, her bother, myself, my sister and my brother all match with Rathlin ismand man 1, my brother matches at 21.5cm, myself, my sister, my aunt match at 11.5cm ,my uncle matches at 7.7cm.

    Reply
  8. Hi
    Ballynahatty woman
    4 shared segments
    Chr1- 3.2
    Chr3 – 3
    Chr7 – 3
    Chr7 – 3.1
    51.851 PcT SNPs are full identical
    Rattlin Man 1
    5 shared segments
    Chr1 – 3.8
    Chr2 – 3.7
    Chr4 – 3
    Chr12 – 4.2
    Chr18 – 5.1
    52.224 Pct SNPs are full identical

    No marches with Ratlin Male 2 &3
    Ancestry ethnicity estimate 74% Ireland (Donegal) 22% Scotland

    Reply
  9. I’m Australian, but have Irish ancestry from all four of my grandparents, some probably more recent as they were protestants and some from older Irish family lines. All up about 25% of my DNA is Irish. The rest is Scottish and English

    I share 3.9 on Chr 20 with Ballynahatty Female

    With Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1 I share:
    3.7 on chr 1, 3.4 on chr 2, 3.7 and 3.4 on two segments of chr 6, 3.3 and 3.1 on two segments of chr 11 and 3.7 on chr 21.

    No shared DNA with the other 2 Rathlin men

    Reply
  10. Ballynahatty Neolithic Female

    ch1 213,926,607 216,313,208 3.4 392

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1

    4 66,305,150 71,629,537 4.1 510
    5 8,074,665 9,565,826 3.2 317
    6 7,501,676 8,908,960 3 262
    6 23,910,793 26,479,150 3.6 578
    8 80,990,280 84,824,015 3.3 430
    9 2,640,492 3,960,429 3.2 312
    12 78,728,727 82,108,108 3.4 388
    15 27,944,247 29,735,946 4.9 237

    my mother

    Ballynahatty Neolithic Female

    7 29,551,124 31,085,162 3.1 283
    11 21,669,202 23,494,877 3.1 236
    16 12,720,771 13,809,369 3.1 234

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1

    1 37,200,680 38,685,317 3.1 235
    3 55,125,641 59,191,320 4.3 558
    5 7,839,688 9,547,129 3.5 376
    15 27,756,585 29,589,782 5.5 254
    18 7,381,270 8,506,957 4.9 283
    18 10,799,504 12,021,868 3.2 289
    18 73,089,996 74,227,095 3.1 273

    No Matches for the other two for either my mother or I

    Reply
  11. Comparing Kit JC7880463 (Janice Yule) [Ancestry] and Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty, Ireland, 3.2ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 11,807,426 13,176,463 3.5 224
    1 214,437,315 216,675,354 3.4 348
    4 2,452,087 4,285,813 3.2 216
    4 83,478,684 86,704,339 4.1 416
    4 184,902,533 185,781,717 3 204

    Largest segment = 4.1 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 17.2cM (0.48 Pct)

    Weird, buy maybe relevant that my mum’s matches are on 2 Chromosomes.

    The description fits her to a tee – black hair, brown eyes, regularly mistaken for Mediterranean origin when she was young.

    Her dad was (recently discovered), almost 75% Irish – records patchy – Taylors from Antrim, Johnston’s, Kings from same and Belfast area. I have DNA evidence of ancestors that went to the US – to a Samuel Taylor (1700).
    _————————————————-
    Comparing Kit JC7880463 (Janice Yule) [Ancestry] and Kit F999800 (Rathlin1, Ireland, 2.0ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cm

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    5 3,569,556 4,599,400 3.1 244
    7 151,426,105 152,784,233 3.9 242
    8 132,359,241 134,468,864 3.9 457
    9 110,332,569 112,199,506 3.1 445
    10 122,483,407 123,751,997 3 319
    13 92,119,265 94,752,825 3.5 382
    16 79,049,341 79,553,233 3.6 213
    17 58,024,324 62,404,390 4.2 400

    Largest segment = 4.2 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 28.2cM (0.786 Pct)

    No hits to the other 2.

    Reply
  12. Just to add – the area I have for my maternal Grandfathers Antrim Taylor’s is Ahoghill? Others link to Belfast and Dromore.

    Reply
    • Ahoghill is in the same county, Antrim, but further north than Ballynahatty. Getting closer to Rathlin Island, actually 🙂

      Reply
  13. I have a 8.2cm match with Rathlin Male 1on Chromosome 1 and smaller matches on 3 other chromosomes. I have smaller matches, largest 3.6 cm, with Ballynatty female on 4 chromosomes. My mother’s Irish ancestry is from Ulster.

    Reply
  14. My Results. Nothing on Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2
    My Heritage says I’m Irish, Scottish, and Welsh 100%

    Ballynahatty Neolithic Female
    7 151,720,622 153,205,490 4.4 276
    22 22,416,006 23,803,722 3.8 200

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
    2 189,821,391 193,031,408 3.2 560
    4 71,453,028 75,654,722 3.8 562
    7 153,531,897 154,432,760 3.1 205
    8 16,983,693 18,457,679 3.1 675
    11 18,275,661 19,977,718 4.6 475
    12 129,657,564 130,349,406 3.4 283
    16 79,108,354 79,638,078 3.4 264
    22 48,146,737 48,708,486 3.3 255

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3
    4 81,057,927 83,758,827 3.1 213

    Reply
  15. I have a strong maternal Irish connection from Mayo. Dublin Tipperary and Longford. The results of the comparison is as follows:

    Ballynahatty Female
    Chromosome 6 3.5 cM

    Rathin Man 1

    Chromosome 14 3.4cM
    Chromosome 15 3.5 cM
    Chromosome 18 5.1 cM
    Chromosome 22 4.8 cM

    I see that there a quite a few of us who share chromosome 18 under Rathin Man 1

    No matches for Rathin Man 2 or 3

    Reply
  16. Very interesting. Is it true that the Rathlin 1 man has most connection with the modern population of Ireland?

    I share 44.8 cms with him over 10 chromosomes (11 segs): largest segment 6.6.

    This is mostly on my mothers side but I must have some from my (Cornish plus 1/4 Irish) father’s side also – as my mother’s match to Rathlin 1 is slightly less than me at 33.9 cms.

    My paternal haplogroup also matches the Longniddry L1066 ancient DNA sample (East Lothian Scotland).

    Reply
    • Dominic, you raise a good question about whether Rathlin 1 has the most affinity with modern Irish. I’ll have to dig into this a bit more.

      Reply
    • I had an ancestor that immigrated to the US from Nothern Ireland to the US in the 1700’s.

      I share matches with Rathlin1 and the female.

      Ballynahatty Female
      Chr 2 3.6 CM
      Chr 3 3.2 CM
      Chr 5 3.6 CM
      Chr 10 3.9 CM
      Chr 12 3.2 CM
      Chr 15 3.6 CM
      Chr 21 3.9 CM

      Rathlin1
      Chr 1 3 CM
      Chr 1 3.1 CM
      Chr 15 5.3 CM
      Chr 18 4.9 CM
      Chr 22 4.6 CM

      Reply
  17. I was very surprised to see I match Rathlin 1! I think it’s quite a good match as well?
    Chr 1 3.3
    Chr11. 10.2 (that’s quite good isn’t it? )
    Chr12. 3.2
    Chr 21. 3.5

    Reply
  18. I match Ballynahatty Female on Chromosome 1- 3.3 and 3.3 and on Chromosome 19 – 3.5
    Also match Rathlin Man No 1
    Chr. 1 – 3.4
    Chr. 2 – 3.8
    Chr. 3 – 3.0
    Chr.13 – 3.3
    Chr. 14 – 3.6
    Chr. 15 – 4.1
    Chr. 16 – 3.1

    No matches on other two Rathlin men

    I have Irish and Scottish ancestry, possibly Donegal, West Coast and Highland Scotland as well as Borders.

    Reply
  19. 4 Segments totalling 14.1 cM with Ballynahatty female, Chromosomes 3, 12 and 13 (largest 4.0 cM)
    8 Segments totalling 28.9 cM with Rathlin 1 male on Chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, 12 and 20 (largest 5.7 cM)

    Reply
  20. I match Ballynahatty Female. 6 shared segments, largest segment 8.2cM. Total cM of 25.1 cM.
    Chr. 1 – 3.3, 4.1
    Chr. 2 – 3.0
    Chr. 3 – 3.4
    Chr. 15 – 3.2, 8.2 — is the 8.2 cM significant??

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1. 6 shared segments, largest segment 4.6 cM. Total cM of 23.3 cM.
    Chr. 1 – 4.6
    Chr. 7 – 3.3
    Chr. 17 – 3.9
    Chr. 18 – 3.2
    Chr. 21 – 3.9
    Chr. 22 – 4.4

    No matches on Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2 or 3.

    I have a great grandmother from West Galway. My Great grandfather may have also been from Ireland, but not sure where.

    Reply
  21. match two the Ballynahatty and Rathlin1. biggest match is Rathlin1 with 7.2 on cm on
    chr16 6,565,929 9,474,056 cm7.2 snps935

    full results for Rathlin1
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    5 173,345,409 174,167,623 3.1 206
    10 57,744,510 62,010,523 3.6 560
    11 22,881,542 24,921,347 3.1 357
    13 105,485,790 106,393,146 3.2 209
    14 96,846,092 98,188,382 3.6 285
    15 95,678,197 96,619,516 3.4 230
    16 6,565,929 9,474,056 7.2 935

    Largest segment = 7.2 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 27cM (0.752 Pct)

    7 shared segments found for this comparison.

    430328 SNPs used for this comparison.

    52.227 Pct SNPs are full identical
    _________________________________________________________________________________________________

    And for Ballynahatty full results are
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    11 128,635,679 130,090,904 3.1 299
    21 36,839,841 38,121,537 3.2 231
    22 21,444,030 23,708,833 5.4 233
    22 25,928,620 26,974,741 3.6 295

    Largest segment = 5.4 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 15.3cM (0.427 Pct)

    4 shared segments found for this comparison.

    426088 SNPs used for this comparison.

    51.762 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  22. I am an American mongrel, A657252. Both of my mother’s parents were adopted, so we never knew much about her family, but we did know that red hair has come up a few times in her family, including my son, plus my own beard is red (while the rest of my hair is brown), so we always figured we had some Irish or Scottish heritage. Based on recent ancestry research using my grandmother’s birth certificate, I have been able to confirm both Irish & Scottish, many many generations back in the deep hills of Kentucky.

    Now with this ancient Irish DNA, I see the strongest connection with Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1:

    2 7,035,755 8,096,549 3.5 243
    2 72,167,136 75,449,983 4.5 370
    2 182,305,424 188,755,657 3.2 517
    5 32,614,500 34,716,270 3.5 369
    9 1,373,944 2,636,161 4.5 475
    10 106,571,525 112,175,889 5.1 668
    10 130,624,006 131,601,957 4.2 243
    15 27,869,712 29,760,516 5.3 272
    16 79,006,863 79,553,233 3.9 239
    Largest segment = 5.3 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 37.6cM (1.05 Pct)

    I am also a good match with the woman, 22.3 cM, plus another 3 cM on X.

    No hits with Man #2 or #3.

    This is really interesting, thanks for sharing!

    Reply
  23. That was fun! Woman and Guy 1. Paternal family is from Achill Island, maternal family from the north but Scots Irish.
    Thanks!

    Reply
    • The individual segments are more indicative than summing them up. But 5.7 cm is a higher segment size than I have with any of the specimens.

      Reply
  24. With Ballynahatty female
    C9 – 3.1
    C17- 3.0
    C18 – 4.9
    C22 – 3.3
    With Rathlin #1
    C2 3.4
    C3 3.2
    C6 3.7
    C9 3.1
    C11 3.5

    Relatives from around Portadown

    Reply
  25. On my GEDmatch number:

    17.4 cm total with the Neolithic Ballynahatty female:
    3.3 cm on CH2
    3.3 cm on CH15
    3.3 cm on CH17
    3.0 cm on CH21
    4.6 cm on CH22

    35.3 cm total with Rathlin Island Man1:
    6.1 cm on CH1
    3.1 cm on CH3
    3.4 cm on CH4
    3.1 cm on CH17
    8.6 cm on CH18
    3.4 cm on CH19
    7.7 cm on CH20

    For my wife’s kit

    14.6 cm total with the Neolithic Ballynahatty female
    3.9 cm on CH2
    4.1 cm on CH8
    3.4 cm on CH16
    3.2 cm on CH17

    23.1 cm total with Rathlin Island Man1
    3.1 cm on CH3
    3.5 cm on CH5
    3.4 cm on CH7
    3.0 cm on CH14
    3.5 cm on CH20
    3.6 cm on CH21

    Reply
  26. Ballynahatty female:
    Largest segment = 3.3 cM
    Total Half-Match segments 6.3c
    2 shared segments.

    Rathlin man 1:
    Largest segment = 4.3 cM
    Total Half-Match segments 25.4cM
    7 shared segments.

    No matches for Rathlin 2 or 3.

    Reply
    • Paternal family: Clonakilty, other Cork and Glensaul (Partry). Red hair and grey eyes, very commonly featuring. Maternal family: Dublin and Wexford. All with very dark hair and hard to tell in old photos but likely brown eyes. My maternal great great grandmother from Dublin, was described as having the appearance of being Spanish.

      Reply
  27. I share 3.1 cM on chromosome 6 with the Ballynahatty woman. I have multiple Irish heritage lines, from Antrim, Galway, Dublin and Wicklow. No matches to the men. Fascinating!

    Reply
  28. I have Irish/Scottish/Welsh/Scandinavian/East European/Middle Eastern. My father is Irish/Scottish/Scandinavian/Baltic.
    My father’s mother and her brother were very dark skinned, Black hair, but my Grandmother had very Blue eyes!… and the rest of the siblings and their parents had Sandy fair hair and fair skin. Another who inherited the very dark skin and hair was the only child and daughter of my Grandmother’s brother who also had the same colouration. My Grandmother’s family immigrated in the late 1800’s from Ireland. My father’s Paternal Scottish side also had dark skin and hair however NOT as dark as his Irish mother, Uncle and this Uncle’s daughter.
    The Mystery of where the Dark skin and Hair of my Grandmother, her brother and his daughter ‘is still a Mystery. She used to get asked if she was West Indian or Maori.

    F999805 Ballynahatty woman vs my Kit.
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 55,107,055 57,275,564 3.1 595
    2 33,405,978 35,929,940 3.5 664
    8 6,897,900 8,761,295 3.1 256
    9 38,292,733 71,370,051 4.2 266
    17 9,901,677 10,814,742 3.6 261
    17 33,297,065 35,806,418 3.1 440

    Largest segment = 4.2 cM

    Ballynahatty woman vs my Father’s Kit
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    9 123,699,083 126,914,307 3.6 223
    10 99,210,911 102,396,789 3.4 215

    Largest segment = 3.6 cM

    My Male Cousin on My Mothers Sister’s side who married a chap whose Father’s family immigrated from Ireland

    Has a small match with Ballynahatty woman also.
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    4 74,750,051 78,045,685 3.5 227

    Largest segment = 3.5 cM

    Rathlin Bronze age man 1 vs my Kit
    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    4 71,459,248 75,272,863 3.4 534
    4 187,455,946 188,665,614 3.1 283
    8 6,823,933 8,760,138 3.3 263
    14 30,147,686 32,021,438 3.1 319
    16 6,146,730 7,648,662 4.5 771
    16 78,980,401 79,353,899 3.1 246
    18 7,105,838 8,001,853 4.3 267

    Largest segment = 4.5 cM

    Rathlin Bronze age man 1 vs my Father’s Kit

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    7 18,934,838 20,941,262 3.2 203
    13 70,286,388 72,909,174 3.5 216
    16 6,181,851 7,694,876 4.5 300

    Largest segment = 4.5 cM

    Rathlin Bronze age man 1 vs my Male Cousin on Maternal side
    NO Match

    Rathlin Bronze age man 2 vs My Kit, my Father’s Kit, my Male Cousin Kit..NO Matches for either 3 Kits

    Rathlin Bronze age man 3 vs My Kit

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    22 25,753,387 27,045,504 4.4 409

    Largest segment = 4.4 cM

    Rathlin Bronze age man 3 vs my Fathers Kit
    Kit F999803 (Bichon, Switzerland, 13.7ky cal BP) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    15 27,419,937 30,251,011 8 238

    Rathlin Bronze age man 3 vs My Male Cousin on Maternal side…
    NO Match

    Reply
  29. F999805 Ballynahatty
    – 3 on Chromosome 3
    F999800 RATHLIN MALE 1
    – 3.7 on Chromosome 3
    – 3.5 on Chromosome 6
    – 3.1 on Chromosome 12
    – 4.1 on Chromosome 17
    – 5.2 on Chromosome 18
    – 8 on Chromosome 20
    F999802 RATHLIN MALE 2
    – No shared DNA segments found
    F999801 RATHLIN MALE 3
    – No shared DNA segments found

    Reply
  30. Comparing Kit F999805
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 10,934,895 12,641,488 4.6 323
    3 112,355,977 115,396,581 3 458
    Comparing Kit F999800
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 20,735,452 22,835,677 3.2 374
    16 79,086,731 79,621,023 3.5 228

    No match on the other 2 kits.

    Reply
  31. I share a total of 15.6cM over 4 chromosomes with Ballynahatty woman, and 14.8 cM over 4 chromosomes with Rathlin1. No matches on the other two.
    The largest segment shared with Ballynahatty woman is 5.5cM on Chr1.
    Migration patterns fascinate me. I am predominantly English with no known Irish ancestry at all, though I do have one grandparent from Lithuania. My English grandfather thought his surname was of Viking origin.

    Reply
  32. Ballynahatty Lady
    Chr: 1 )
    B37 Start Pos’n: 157,811,392
    B37 End Pos’n: 159,697,475
    Centimorgans (cM): 3.4
    SNPs: 338
    Chr: 9
    B37 Start Pos’n: 129,428,677
    B37 End Pos’n: 132,098,060
    Centimorgans (cM): 4
    SNPs: 320
    Chr: 12
    B37 Start Pos’n: 128,075,482
    B37 End Pos’n: 128,716,220
    Centimorgans (cM): 3.3
    SNPs: 200

    Rathlin Male 1
    Chr: 4
    B37 Start Pos’n: 14,137,784
    B37 End Pos’n: 15,915,036
    Centimorgans (cM): 3.2
    SNPs: 311

    Chr 6
    B37 Start Pos’n: 1,627,632 32,976,654
    B37 End Pos’n: 2,744,554 36,248,957
    Centimorgans (cM): 3.5 3
    SNPs: 241 542

    Chr:
    B37 Start Pos’n: 185,632 1,732,880
    B37 End Pos’n: 132,395,245 133,572,684
    Centimorgans (cM): 4.4 3.1
    SNPs: 585 234
    9 4.4 585
    9 3.1 234

    No match to Rathlin 2 or 3

    I’m just beginning to learn about DNA so at the moment I have no idea what this means but I do hope it helps in your research

    Reply
  33. This is quite interesting! I have run 3 kits and none have matches to the 2nd or 3rd males.
    The first kit, my mother-in-law, whose grandparents were from Antrim, has 9 shared segments with the Ballynahatty female, the largest being 4.1 cM.
    Her son has 5 shared segments, the largest being 8 cM. (He does have Irish ancestors on his father’s side.)
    I have 3 matches to the female, the largest being 3.8 cM. 1/2 of my immediate ancestors are from southern Ireland.

    Our matches with the first male:
    m-i-l 7 shared segs, largest being 4.7 cM
    son 5 shared segs, largest being 5.1 cM
    me 5 shared segs, largest being 5.5 cM

    Reply
  34. My mother was Irish from Kanturk District in County Cork and my father had a small amount of Irish from County Wicklow.
    Here is my match to Rathlin 1
    Comparing Kit A136674 (*Mary-Ellen Beaney) [Migration – F2 – A] and Kit F999800 (Rathlin1, Ireland, 2.0ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 31,168,219 34,071,525 3.4 515
    1 43,298,871 48,998,748 4.2 1,024
    5 14,877,474 16,706,530 3.1 321
    7 4,923,925 7,131,289 3.9 323
    7 97,017,795 101,454,616 3.5 755
    9 21,674,425 25,281,912 4.4 797
    20 6,887,765 8,190,613 3.3 314

    Largest segment = 4.4 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 25.7cM (0.717 Pct)

    7 shared segments found for this comparison.

    581357 SNPs used for this comparison.

    55.446 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Here is my match to Ballynahatty Woman
    Comparing Kit A136674 (*Mary-Ellen Beaney) [Migration – F2 – A] and Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty, Ireland, 3.2ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 239,311,068 240,404,525 3 293
    2 216,377,226 217,636,105 3.1 325
    12 6,244,157 7,595,836 3.2 321
    18 71,789,784 72,953,281 4.1 328

    Largest segment = 4.1 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 13.4cM (0.374 Pct)

    4 shared segments found for this comparison.

    575868 SNPs used for this comparison.

    55.174 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  35. With Ballynahatty Neolithic Female:

    Largest segment 5.5 cM on Chr 22
    3.5 cM Chr 3
    3.8 cM Chr 9
    4.6 cM Chr 13
    4.0 cM Chr 19
    5.5 cM Chr 22
    TotalHIR 21.3 cM

    With Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1:

    Largest segment 4.5 cM on Chr 16
    3.1 cM Chr 2
    4.1 cM Chr 3
    3.5 cM Chr 12
    3.0 cM Chr 13
    3.1 cM Chr 13
    3.3 cM Chr 13
    4.3 cM Chr 14
    3.1 cM Chr 16
    3.2 cM Chr 16
    4.5 cM Chr 17
    3.9 cM Chr 18
    4.2 cM Chr 22
    Total HIR 43cM

    None with either of the other 2 Rathlin Bronze Age Males

    Reply
  36. Hello!

    Ballynahatty Woman:

    Ch.1 3.8
    Ch.3 3.1
    Ch. 8 3.1
    Ch. 18 3.1

    Rathlin Man #1:

    Ch 1 3.2
    Ch.2 3.2
    Ch.4 3.7
    Ch.15 5.5
    Ch. 15 3.7
    Ch. 16 3.9
    Ch. 18 3.9
    Ch. 20. 3.3

    No match on the other 2 men

    Reply
  37. I hope that someone realizes that F999800 has DNA from the c15 region 27-30M that is excess IBD per “Relationship Estimation from Whole-Genome Sequence Data” by Ling et al (2014) https://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1004144 (Table 3 “Genomic Regions in hg19 coordinates of at least 5-to-expected IBD of at least 4-fold”).

    I find this very interesting that such an ancient kit has this excess IBD region. I hope someone will follow up with research on that and see if they can make some sense out of it — or determine if it is just a fluke of so many generations of genetic recombinations.

    Reply
  38. I share a total of 11.9 cM over 3 segments with F999805, the Ballynhatty Neolithic female – the largest segment being 5.3 cM, chromosome 10

    With F999800, the Rathlin Bronze Age male 1, I share a total of 36.9 cM – the largest segment being 6.2 cM, chromosome 15

    With Rathlin Bronze Age male 2, it’s a share of only 3.5 cM, chromosome 13

    And I share none with Rathlin Bronze Age male 3.

    Interesting – but does it meaning anything?

    Reply
    • Does it mean anything? Good question.
      With current technology – with these low segments, all we can say for sure is that we’re all human! The lower the segment size, the higher the possibility that this is Identity By Chance. Genealogically, we are usually looking for a common ancestor with our DNA matches and that’s something that we cannot determine i.e. Identity By Descent.
      The other possibility is that its Identity By Population i.e. the common DNA is prevalent in a particular community or region and has passed down to modern times. Right now, we can’t determine between these three possibilities. That may change with future technology and analysis.

      Reply
  39. Fascinating stuff!
    My results are:
    Ballynahalty Neolithic female
    Ch10 3.2cM and
    Ch18 3.8cM
    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
    Ch2 3.4cM
    Ch9 3.4cM and 3.8cM
    Ch12 4.2cM
    Ch13 3.3cM
    Ch20 3.8cM

    Nothing for the other two. My father was from Belfast and his family from Lisburn and surrounds as far as I can get with records.

    Reply
  40. Comparing Kit F999805
    Largest segment = 4.8 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 15.1cM (0.422 Pct)

    4 shared segments found for this comparison.

    581522 SNPs used for this comparison.

    55.326 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Chr 3, 18 and 22

    Reply
  41. Comparing Kit F999800
    Largest segment = 4.3 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 23.2cM (0.646 Pct)

    6 shared segments found for this comparison.

    587028 SNPs used for this comparison.

    55.43 Pct SNPs are full identical

    chr 5,6,
    14,18 and 22

    Reply
    • Largest segment = 3.1 cM

      Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 3.1cM (0.087 Pct)

      1 shared segments found for this comparison.

      274050 SNPs used for this comparison.

      59.056 Pct SNPs are full identical
      very little with F999801 on chr 1
      Nothing with F999802

      I’d like to figure out my maternal Line. My brick wall is Margaret O’connor. She moved from Ireland to Canada. Her husband was John Dunn. He wasn’t the only John Dunn to say the least lol. We all ended up in Upstate NY shortly there after. They were protestants. A lot of DNA matches have he listed as Mary Connor. My maternal haplogoup is U5b2c2b

      Reply
  42. I have – Ballynahatty female My mother has – Ballynahatty female

    Chr.2 – 3.1cM Chr. 1 – 4.4cM
    Chr.4 – 4 cM Chr.16 – 3.4cM
    Chr.10 – 3.9cM Chr.18 – 3.9cM
    Chr.12 – 3.6cM
    Chr.20 – 3.3cM

    Rathlin 1 Rathlin 1

    Chr. 3 – 3.1cM Chr. 3 – 3.1cM
    Chr. 4 – 3.1cM Chr. 4 – 3.8cM
    Chr. 5 – 3.8cM Chr. 8 – 3.5cM
    Chr.10 – 4.3cM Chr.12 – 3.1cM
    Chr.18 – 4.7cM Chr.15 – 4.1cM
    Chr.21 – 3.5cM Chr.15 – 3.7cM
    Chr.21 – 4.7cM

    Nothing for Rathlin 1/2

    Reply
  43. This looks like some actual possibilitities. Though individual matches are quite small, there are a lot of them. MyHeritage claims 27% Irish, Scottish, and Welsh. No one else puts it that high; Ancestry thinks 10% Welsh, 6% Irish; 23andMe says total 15.9% all Celtic AND British. Looking at actual paper-trail locations, a big part of the Welsh is from Anglesey, near Holyhead, just across the water from Ireland. Most of my DNA is not from the UK.

    I have NO match with Rathlins 2 and 3. They do not overlap each other with mine. Here are my matches with the lady and with Rathlin 1:

    1. Ballynahatty 3 segment matches:
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 244,532,937 245,653,992 4.1 285

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    5 74,184,144 76,004,933 3.2 417

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    7 150,068,933 151,359,434 3.2 383

    2. Rathlin 1 F899800 7 segment matches:
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    3 73,341,692 77,154,433 4.5 730

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    4 149,537,415 153,920,579 3.5 564

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    17 14,206,323 16,229,232 6 581

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    18 6,485,543 7,376,123 4.8 330

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    19 53,116,060 53,895,816 3.2 220

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    20 15,234,769 16,696,462 3.6 613
    20 58,302,395 59,071,893 3.4 217

    Reply
  44. I find this whole field fascinating – but despite the tidal wave of archaeological DNA being documented now, it’s just not getting through to places like GedMatch where the average person can compare. Felix’s amazing effort pioneered this, but he stopped. Matt picked up with the Irish results, but he hasn’t blogged since 2016.

    The really old DNA will be in frustratingly short sequences, but, for example, sequences from London plague-pits might stand a good chance at being in genealogically useful lengths.

    I tried dipping my toes in this stuff a year or so ago, but got overwhelmed quickly with the terminology (file conversion stuff). It seems like it ought to be relatively straight-forward – if someone laid out the process. Are you someone who could blog this? Or are there reasons why, perhaps GedMatch would prefer it didn’t happen? Cheers, Mike

    Reply
    • I did tinker with the tools that are still on Felix website, but this isn’t my wheelhouse either.
      I assume Verogen (the company who bought Gedmatch) are neutral about it or they’d take down the Archaic Ancestors link. Much of the website is a collection of research projects and sometimes the researchers move on (taking their documentation with them).

      Reply
  45. I don’t understand how, with one odd exception, not a single one of my matches with this Irish DNA match in any way with the matches of my mother, father, father’s sister, father’s cousin and mother’s cousin have. How does this work?

    That one exception is with F999800 Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
    My one fragment in common with my father’s (phased) DNA both end at the same point.
    Me: Chr 1 11,797,186-13,176,463 3.6 cM 302 SNPs
    Father: Chr 1 11,922,298-13,176,463 3.2 cM 231 SNPs

    So my match is longer than my father’s, and my matches on two other chromosomes are not in either my mother or father.

    I see other people are getting similar results.

    Cheers,
    Mike

    Reply
  46. My results
    B female c12@ 3.2, c13@ 3.9, c15@ 3.7, c21@ 3.6
    Tot half match @14.3
    R1 male c3@3.4, 3.6, 3.0, 3.2, c5@ 3.7, c7@ 3.6, c16 @ 4.0
    C20@ 4.0, Tot half match@ 28.6
    R2 male none
    R3 male none

    Reply
  47. Do we know who these old people are? Would be nice to trace the line of descendents from them. I have an over 7cm with the female. I match with the female at 7.5 cm on Chr 22. There are several others too. I also have a match with the first two males.

    Reply
  48. I have no Irish ancestry as far back as my paper trail goes (i.e. roughly mid 18th century) but one half of my family is from south and central Wales, so I would expect there to be some similarity and indeed there is.

    I share 24.8 cM with Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1, with the largest segment being 5.7 cM:
    Chr 3: 3.4 + 3
    Chr 11: 3.7
    Chr 15 5.7
    Chr 18: 5.5
    Chr 20 3.5

    I also have a smaller match with the Ballynahatty female (Chr 16: 3.3 cM) and nothing at all with the other two.

    Reply
      • Thank you for having posted the instructions for comparing! It would be really interesting to read more if future research shows how much DNA from these people is shared by the modern population, not only in Ireland but in the UK, and if it is more commonly shared by people from the Celtic areas of west and north Britain than from the east.

        Reply
  49. My Dad has 6.1 on Chrom. 4 and 5.7 on Chrom. 18. I have 5.7 and 5.3 at same spots. On 4 our match begins at exactly the same spot, on 18 it ends at exactly the same spot. Is this significant?

    Reply
  50. I am an American – so I am a mutt….
    But this is my results, which I did find fascinating.
    Ballynahatty Chromosome 23 Total Segment 16.7 Cm Largest Segment 6.1
    Rathlin1 Total 16.4CM Largest segment = 3.6 cm
    (Chr 1 3.1CM, Chr 2 3.2CM, Chr 4 3.3CM, Chr 10 3.4CM, Chr 18 3.6CM)
    Rathlin2 None
    Rathlin3 None
    Interestingly, my first cousin results for Ballynathatty was Chromosome 23
    Total segments 16.9cM Largest segment = 5.2 cM 4 shared segments
    And 3 of them overlapped with my segments almost exactly.
    but she had none for Rathlin 1, 2, or 3

    Reply
  51. I do not have any irish ancestry at all, my father comes from the region of lorraine (France/Germany), my mother from the region of the middle rhine valley(Germany).

    My father:
    Kit F999805 Ballynahatty, Ireland: Largest segment = 6.9 cM, Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 36.2cM (1.011 Pct),10 shared segments found for this comparison.
    Kit F999800 Rathlin1, Ireland: Largest segment = 4.6 cM,Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 49.4cM (1.377 Pct),13 shared segments found for this comparison.
    My mother :
    Kit F999800 Rathlin1, Ireland: Largest segment = 4.6 cM, Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 32.6cM (0.91 Pct), 9 shared segments found for this comparison.
    Kit F999805 Ballynahatty, Ireland: Largest segment = 4.6 cM,Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 26.1cM (0.727 Pct),7 shared segments found for this comparison.
    Me:
    Kit F999800 Rathlin1, Ireland:Largest segment = 5.4 cM, Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 22.6cM (0.63 Pct), 6 shared segments found for this comparison.
    Kit F999805 Ballynahatty, Ireland: Largest segment = 4.1 cM,Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 7.6cM (0.213 Pct)

    Reply
  52. Bonjour,
    je m’appelle Richard et f’ai fait le test:
    je partage le chromosome11: 3.2cM et chromosome13: 3.8CM
    ce qui me surprend c’est que ma famille est d’Afrique du Nord depuis des siècles et ce qui est très surprenant c’est que sur My heritage j’ai des correspondances avec des anglo-saxons!?

    Reply
    • Merci. Les nombres sont petit. C’est peut-etre un question du chance: heritage aleatoire.
      Sorry, my French is poor – what I’m saying is that there is always the possibility of chance involved with small centimorgans, due to the random nature of inheritance.

      Reply
  53. Hi! I’m Italian (surely for at least 6 generations back on both sides).

    Here are my results:

    -Ballynahatty Neolithic
    Chr:17
    B37 Start Pos’n:14.258.901
    B37 End Pos’n:15.610.167
    Centimorgans (cM):5,5
    SNPs:205

    -Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
    Chr: 19
    B37 Start Pos’n: 47.158.591
    B37 End Pos’n: 50.444.061
    Centimorgans (cM): 7,3
    SNPs: 306

    -Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2
    No shared DNA

    -Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3
    No shared DNA

    Have a nice day!

    Reply
  54. This is what I have that matches the lady.

    Largest segment = 3.5 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 9.6cM (0.268 Pct)

    3 shared segments found for this comparison.

    594799 SNPs used for this comparison.

    54.474 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Comparison took 0.15.
    CPU time used: 0.041.

    Reply
  55. Hello Margaret,

    With Ms. Ballynahatty, I have shared DNA on 13, 17, and 22:
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    13 30,644,418 31,814,464 3.5 381
    17 30,004,528 31,827,478 3.5 393
    17 77,453,363 78,157,995 3.3 138
    22 21,409,018 23,412,017 4.8 221

    With Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1 I have shared DNA on 1 2 3 5 6 10 12 16 17 18 19 20 22 – largest cm is 7 and a few chromosomes with 2 and 3 segments.
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 977,780 2,040,898 3.7 149
    1 77,217,180 81,447,213 3.7 858
    2 10,061,592 11,655,487 4.4 474
    3 164,524,259 169,634,639 3.7 716
    5 32,986,782 35,239,886 3.5 493
    6 1,824,483 3,316,746 4.3 418
    6 24,101,448 30,724,430 3.6 3,034
    6 134,887,047 137,349,025 3.6 393
    10 3,330,587 3,930,571 3.3 220
    10 59,590,078 63,237,480 3.8 755
    10 130,769,047 131,471,179 3.1 212
    12 128,037,474 128,795,947 3.9 292
    16 20,975,069 23,298,727 3.1 316
    17 70,763,732 71,536,725 3.1 252
    18 6,956,238 8,450,713 7 475
    19 54,137,359 54,639,868 3 118
    20 14,911,683 15,959,943 3.2 410
    20 60,460,263 61,521,515 3.3 271
    22 21,458,082 23,417,677 4.7 208
    22 48,212,275 49,030,818 5.4 361
    Largest segment = 7 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 77.2cM (2.151 Pct)
    20 shared segments found for this comparison.
    588576 SNPs used for this comparison.
    55.467 Pct SNPs are full identical
    With Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2 I have no shared DNA
    With Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3 I have shared DNA on 11 and 16 (at 3.1 and 3.5 cm).

    Reply
  56. I share with Ballynahatty woman on Ch 1 and 2 over 3.0 also with Rathlin man 1, none with the other 2. I show no Irish in my 23 and me, though I show over half Iberian peninsula/Spainish and over 25% native/indigenous (America).

    Reply
  57. I match on

    Kit F999805
    Chr:14
    B37 Start Pos: 99,835,434
    B37 End Pos: 101,269,593
    Centimorgans: 3.4
    SNPs: 211

    Kit F999800
    Chr:11
    B37 Start Pos: 18,901,853
    B37 End Pos: 19,808,063
    Centimorgans: 3.1
    SNPs: 206

    Chr:12
    B37 Start Pos: 55,126,449
    B37 End Pos: 58,556,734
    Centimorgans: 3.1
    SNPs: 371

    Chr:15
    B37 Start Pos: 27,793,837
    B37 End Pos: 29,692,391
    Centimorgans: 5.5
    SNPs: 278

    Chr:18
    B37 Start Pos: 5,930,480
    B37 End Pos: 6,873,354
    Centimorgans: 4.1
    SNPs: 253

    Chr:19
    B37 Start Pos: 51,631,236
    B37 End Pos: 52,711,014
    Centimorgans: 4.1
    SNPs: 251

    Chr:20
    B37 Start Pos: 4,170,187
    B37 End Pos: 5,425,342
    Centimorgans: 4.7
    SNPs: 365

    There is no shared DNA above 3 cM between myself and the other two Rathlin Island specimens.

    Reply
  58. Matching on

    Kit no F999805
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    8 121,713,417 124,862,057 6.2 564

    Kit no F999800
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    2 72,219,476 74,970,921 3.6 252
    11 1,429,616 2,663,891 3.7 283
    13 100,610,831 101,766,174 3 206
    18 7,184,191 8,418,406 5.6 283
    18 10,476,149 11,607,978 3.2 266
    21 21,052,329 22,512,344 3.2 292

    No matches on the other 2 kits

    Reply
  59. Match on

    Kit no F999805
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    14 99,835,434 101,269,593 3.4 211

    Kit no F999800
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    11 18,901,853 19,808,063 3.1 206
    12 55,126,449 58,556,734 3.1 371
    15 27,793,837 29,692,391 5.5 278
    18 5,930,480 6,873,354 4.1 253
    19 51,631,236 52,711,014 4.1 251
    20 4,170,187 5,425,342 4.7 365

    No matches on the other 2 kits

    Reply
  60. I share the most with Rathlin1 (none 2/3) Chr 1 – 6.1 Chr 5 – 3.2 Chr 12 – 5.9 Chr 17 – 3 – 52.17 Pct SNPs are full identical. One with Ballynahatty. Chr 17 – 3.1 51.683 Pct SNPs are full identical.

    Reply
  61. Hi Margaret. Very interesting. I got 18 shared segments for Rathlin1 with a total of 64.7cm half-match segments. Largest segment 4.7cm. Only had 2 matches with Balnahatty – largest at 3.1 and nothing for Rathlin 2/3.

    Reply
  62. Hi Margaret,

    Thank you for enabling us to compare our DNA with these ancient ancestors, it is absolutely fascinating. My results are as follows:

    Ballynahatty Neolithic Female, F999805.
    She and I share three segments:
    Chr 2: 3.5 cM
    Chr 7: 3.2 cM
    Chr 12: 3.1cM

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1 – F999800
    He and I share eight segments.
    Chr 1, there are two segments: 8.6 cM and 4.7cM
    Chr 8: 3.1 cM
    Chr 8: 4cM
    Chr 10: 3.5cM
    Chr 13; 4 cM
    Chr 18: 5.4cM
    Chr 19: 3.3cM

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2 – F999802
    He and I have no shared segments.

    Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3 – F999801
    He and I have no shared segments.

    Margaret, in your video you mentioned that your maternal line comes from Cavan. My maternal line paper trail takes me back to Cavan in the late 1700s. I love it when DNA shows the accuracy of previous work.

    Reply
  63. Hello,

    From the Netherlands two small segments.

    Ballynahatty woman: Chr. 10, 3.1 cM, 206 SNP’s;
    Rathlin male no. 1: Chr. 1, 4.3 cM, 254 SNP’s.
    Nothing on the other males.

    Probably noise but fun to see. WGS is on the way so maybe more surprises will be revealed once it is there…..

    Greetings.

    Reply
  64. Hi, I have the following matches (my recent family is from India, DNA test on MyHeritage suggests 7% Irish / Scottish / Welsh)

    F999805 Chr 12 Centimorgans (cM)3.4 SNPs 394

    F999800 Chr 6 Centimorgans (cM) 3 SNPs 361
    Chr 17 Centimorgans (cM) 4.4 SNPs 582

    The others have matches but at less than 2cm according to https://www.gedmatch.com/fcgi-bin/archaic.cgi

    Reply
  65. Comparing Kit T377013 (*Nell) [Migration – F2 – T] and Kit F999800 (Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    15 27,290,231 29,890,883 8 513

    Largest segment = 8 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 8cM (0.223 Pct)
    Estimated number of generations to MRCA = 7.4

    1 shared segments found for this comparison.

    Reply
  66. Well I’m still a little bit confused how I could be related to this very ancient human from Irish while I’m not even an European. I’m a native of north Borneo in southeast Asia. I just uploaded my DNA file to GED match just to find out more about the origin of my people when i stumble upon this information. I’m also had a 4 percent Baltic DNA, and another 4.9 percent from east Meditrerranean

    Reply
    • If you have low cm matches, then this can be due to chance nature of inheritance. Also, many modern Irish people will have low connections to thes ancient samples. We are looking at periods of migration of peoples across continents.
      If you’re interested in more recent times (e.g. within ten generations), then this won’t be much use to you. You wan want to start playing with the gedmatch admixture calculators – but remember they are also focused on ancient eras (neolithic etc).
      For more recent ethnicity research, you’re better off with the estimates given by your DNA test provider (Ancestry? MyHeritage?). But you might have the same problem as I do with my half-African heritage – none of the DNA sites are currently great for non-European heritage.

      Reply
  67. Hello,

    Just discovered GEDmatch and have discovered a lot which I am finding very fascinating.

    Closest matches were:

    Rathlin1 @ 4 segments with the largest at 6.1 cM. Total half match segments 18.3 cM. Ballynahatty @ 4 segments with the largest at 4.5 cM. Total half match segments 14.2 cM. No shared segments with the other 2 males.

    This is intriguing because my DNA is Portuguese and Spanish dominate. This is the juice I have been searching for.

    Reply
  68. I share 1 segment with Ballynahatty – Chr. 12 = 3cM
    I share 10 segments with Rathlin man 1;
    Chr. 1 = 3.3cM, Chr. 2 = 3.7cM, Chr. 4(x2) = 3.3cM and 3.7cM, Chr. 13 = 3.3cM, Chr. 14(x2) = 4.1cM and 3.2cM, Chr. 15 = 4cM, Chr. 18 = 3.2cM, Chr. 21 = 3.1
    I don’t share any dna with Rathlin man 2 or 3
    I am from Scotland. I am 27.1% Scottish/Irish/Welsh, 5.2% Balkan and 3.1% Ashkenazi Jewish

    Reply
  69. Strangely enough I have no known Irish ancestors. I am Spanish Basque and Portuguese with documented ancestors back to mid 1600. I have brown hair and hazel eyes. I have huge numbers of Neolithic and WHG in my lines. I have 2 small segs on chr 21, 6 for a total 7.2cM for F999805 Ballynahatty Neolithic Female.

    Reply
  70. Ballynahatty Neotlithic and Myself

    Largest segment = 4.8 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 36.4cM (1.016 Pct)

    10 shared segments found for this comparison.

    425441 SNPs used for this comparison.

    52 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  71. Rathlin man 1 and I

    Largest segment = 4.7 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 44cM (1.227 Pct)

    12 shared segments found for this comparison.

    429654 SNPs used for this comparison.

    52.34 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Rathlin man 2 and I

    Largest segment = 3.1 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 3.1cM (0.087 Pct)

    1 shared segments found for this comparison.

    294587 SNPs used for this comparison.

    53.816 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Rathlin man 3 and I

    No match

    Reply
  72. I am from the US and do not know my connection to Ireland and Scotland yet. I share the following
    Ballynahatty
    22 8.1cM

    Rathlin 1
    7 3.7 cM
    16 3.9 cM

    Reply
  73. I share the following:
    Ballynahatty woman
    Chr 15 – 3.1
    Chr 16 – 3.2
    Chr 17 – 3.2
    Chr 18 – 6.2

    Rathlin man 1
    Chr 10 – 3.4
    Chr 11 – 3.2
    Chr 12 – 3.1
    Chr 16 – 4.4
    Chr 18 – 4.9

    No matches with Rathlin man 2 or 3.
    I am unaware of any Irish ancestry. I am new to Gedmatch and DNA so this has been quite an exciting discovery.

    Reply
  74. I share the following:
    Ballynahatty woman
    Chr 15 – 3.1
    Chr 16 – 3.2
    Chr 17 – 3.2
    Chr 18 – 6.2

    Rathlin man 1
    Chr 10 – 3.4
    Chr 11 – 3.2
    Chr 12 – 3.1
    Chr 16 – 4.4
    Chr 18 – 4.9

    No matches with Rathlin man 2 or 3.
    I am unaware of any Irish ancestry. I am new to Gedmatch and DNA so this has been quite an exciting discovery.

    Reply
  75. I have Irish ancestors maternal and paternal from central Ireland – Cork, Limerick, and Tipperary. When I used the GEDMATCH ancient ancestors tool, the Rathlin 1 and Balynahatty showed the most small matches at .5, compared to any other ancient DNA. I have several segments over 5 cm in common with Rathlin 1, and a couple over 2 cm with Balynahatty. At one point a DNA site showed me having Sardinian ancestors (which I do not), but given that Balynahatty is similar to current Sardinian and Spanish populations, I now see where that signal came from. I carry a copy of the hemochromatosis gene.

    Reply
  76. Hi, our four grandparents were all from Ireland.
    One line was from Dreenan, Co. Derry, Northern Ireland.
    My 2 sisters and I have Gedmatch kits. We are very different in our appearance. I have medium brown hair, fair skin and dark blue eyes. One sister (sister 1) has very pale blue eyes, blonde curly hair and good complexion. My other sister (sister 2) looks quite Spanish, she has hazel eyes, dark brown hair and olive skin.
    We have Co. Galway, Co. Limerick, Co. Tipperary and Co. Clare and possibly Co. Cork heritage as well.
    My kit compared to Ballynahatty female:
    chr 12 4.1cMs
    chr 19 5.9

    Sister 1 is no match

    Sister 2:
    chr 3 3.2 cMs
    chr 12 4.1
    chr 19 5.8

    My kit compared to Rathlin Bronze Male 1:
    chr 3 5.1cMs
    chr 4 4.4
    chr 6 3cMs
    chr 11 4.8
    chr 12 3.5

    Sister 1:
    chr 3 5.3cMs
    chr 5 in 2 places 4.5 and 3.3
    chr 6 3cMs
    chr 7 4cMs
    chr 11 5cMs
    chr 20 4cMs

    Sister 2:
    chr 2 3.2 cMs
    chr 5 3.6
    chr 6 3cMs
    chr 9 3.1
    chr 17 3cMs

    None of us share any DNA with Raithlin Bronze Male 2 or 3

    This was such an interesting post. Thank you for sharing with us.
    Regards

    Reply
  77. Hi Margaret,
    My 3xggparents (maternal) are from Ireland. I’ve compared the 4 kits. My mother and my results are below. We share same Chr 22 with Ballynahatty female; and Chr 1 with Rathlin1. No shared segments with other 2 kits.
    My matches with Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC)
    1 11,779,499 13,176,463 3.6 231
    8 136,843,565 139,039,589 4 340
    9 129,046,512 131,572,027 3.3 332
    15 28,344,238 30,371,774 4.4 256
    16 79,086,731 79,592,020 3.4 204
    22 21,335,559 23,815,573 6 292

    my mothers matches:
    3 150,672,805 154,681,770 3.4 488
    7 148,256,554 150,496,104 4.3 313
    22 21,444,030 23,815,573 5.7 254

    Kit F999800 (Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC)
    mine:
    1 11,622,979 12,699,337 3.1 246
    2 238,311,612 239,600,686 3.1 235
    15 66,401,410 67,909,473 3.4 290
    15 92,678,378 93,662,283 3.8 303
    17 14,323,799 14,936,120 3.3 210
    17 56,423,114 61,002,726 3.9 366
    18 6,485,543 7,083,007 3.2 204

    mothers:
    1 11,622,979 12,699,337 3.1 246
    2 16,214,286 18,280,641 3.4 336
    13 107,576,494 108,448,729 3 237

    Kit F999802 (Rathlin2 Ireland 1.9ky cal BC) – No shared
    Kit F999801 (Rathlin3 Ireland 1.6ky cal BC) – No shared

    Reply
  78. My brother and I both have matches to the Ballynahatty Female and Rathlin Male 1:

    Our matches – F999805
    Ballynahatty female
    Me
    CHR 15 – 4.2 cM
    CHR 19 – 4.1 cM
    Total 8.3 cM

    My brother
    CHR 2 – 5.4 cM
    CHR 3 – 3.1 cM
    CHR 5 – 3 cM
    CHR 18 – 4.6 cM
    CHR 22 – 3.7 cM & 3.9 cM
    Total 23.7 cM

    F999800 – Matches
    Me
    CHR 4 – 3.1 cM & 3 cM
    CHR 14 – 4.2 cM
    CHR 17 – 5 cM
    Total cM 15.3

    My brother
    CHR 4 – 3.6 cM
    CHR 6 – 3.4 cM
    CHR 14 – 3.3 cM
    CHR 15 – 4.4 cM
    Total cM 14.7

    No matches to the Rathlin males 2 & 3

    Reply
  79. I match at 3cm-5cm with the female (Ballynahatty) CHR1 (2 segs), CHR2 (2 segs), CHR 14, and 15 (1 seg each).

    At 3cm I match the Rathlin1 male on 5 chromosomes, 2,6,7,8 and 9.

    My best match is at 6 cms, I still match El Portalón (Spain), potential match to the Basque people. And yes I have Rh – blood type.

    Reply
  80. These are the results of my maternal uncle. Looks to me like we’ve got the biggest numbers but what does that mean? I’m new to genetic genealogy.
    Rathlin1 Male
    Chr 1 Centimorgans (cM) = 9.9
    Chr 14 Centimorgans (cM) = 3.9

    Rathlin2 Male = No Matches
    Rathlin3 Male = No Matches

    Ballynahatty Female
    Chr 1 Centimorgans (cM) = 6.5
    Chr 4 Centimorgans (cM) = 3.3
    Chr 5 Centimorgans (cM) = 4.8
    Chr 5(2) Centimorgans (cM) = 3.9

    Reply
    • the lower the number, the more likely is that this is due to the random nature of inheritance. I would tend to discount anything below 7 cM. But 9.9 cM on Chr 1 is high compared to many other people who have commented. In terms of what it means – it’s purely a matter of interest to see how much DNA we modern humans may share with these ancient DNA samples. In some small cases, researchers have been able to tie a direct descent to older samples, but these archaic samples are so far back, its difficult to draw conclusions.

      Reply
  81. Rathlin1
    Chr 9 4.8cM
    Chr 10 3.3cM
    Chr 12 3.1cM
    Chr 18 4.9cM
    Chr 20 3cM

    Ballynahatty
    Chr 2 3.1cM
    Chr 6 4.4cM
    Chr 15 3.3cM
    Chr 17 4.3cM

    I do have matches for Rathlin 2 & 3 on the Ancient DNA but they must be under 3cM because they do not show on the One to One Autosomnal results.

    Last year on Ancestry ethnicity I had 11% Ireland but on their latest update no Irish but some Scottish. I have traced a very probable Irish ancestor back to 1798 marrying in Manchester Cathedral. His name was Patrick Keely and his wife was Catherine Fox. Very interesting to see I really do have Irish ancestry.

    Reply
  82. [Migration – F2 – A] and Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]
    Minimum segment threshold size to be included in total = 50 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    1 1,680,219 2,733,587 3.5 131
    1 38,671,406 41,255,387 4.2 386
    1 99,800,813 104,598,941 4.2 530
    2 129,865,142 133,346,235 4.7 314
    2 169,351,953 170,754,854 3.4 236
    2 217,543,728 218,827,913 3 244
    3 168,413,945 171,098,402 3.2 364
    3 184,517,445 186,018,203 3.1 202
    7 148,330,977 150,152,520 3.4 217
    8 46,997,459 53,335,677 3.3 376
    9 136,832,528 137,426,334 3.6 142
    13 22,386,490 23,577,798 3.4 396
    13 105,222,776 106,442,955 4.2 298
    14 31,343,171 33,128,648 4.5 256
    15 39,236,370 41,476,465 3.3 357
    15 100,786,271 101,867,487 3.8 163
    16 12,136,954 13,555,023 4.1 352
    16 78,390,452 79,421,837 6.1 431
    17 110,643 993,600 4.3 189
    19 2,699,585 3,315,718 3.3 134
    21 14,669,931 16,010,681 4.4 161
    21 35,444,498 36,839,841 3 312
    22 17,469,026 18,047,231 3.5 165
    22 22,499,309 23,815,573 3.6 183
    Largest segment = 6.1 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 90.7cM (2.53 Pct)
    24 shared segments found for this comparison. This is my sister.

    Reply
  83. F999800 Rathlin 1
    Largest segment = 4.4 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 22.8cM (0.634 Pct)

    6 shared segments found for this comparison.

    F999805 Ballynahatty
    Largest segment = 3.4 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 9.8cM (0.274 Pct)

    3 shared segments found for this comparison.

    Pretty cool. I believe Rath 1 is also the one that was R1B-L21 DF13? (would make sense because that is my haplogroup)
    Interestingly enough, my male line comes from Germany, and i’m in the Western U.S.

    Reply
  84. Hello,
    Thanks for creating this web page, and the information you posted. I had just done an Archaic Match, on GEDMatch.com, and noticed the matches to the Irish kits. Searching on the kit numbers, I stumbled across your site. Here is the match information, provided by GED.

    F999800 Rathlin Bronze Age Male 1
    Chr 3 – 3.8cM
    Chr 5 – 3.3cM
    Chr 6 – 4cM
    Chr 14 – 3cM
    Chr 18 – 4.5cM

    Largest segment = 4.5 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 18.6cM (0.518 Pct)
    5 shared segments found for this comparison.
    588141 SNPs used for this comparison.
    55.626 Pct SNPs are full identical

    F999802 Rathlin Bronze Age Male 2
    No shared DNA segments found

    F999801 Rathlin Bronze Age Male 3
    No shared DNA segments found

    F999805 Ballynahatty Neolithic Female
    Chr 2 – 3.4cM
    Chr 3 – 3.7cM
    Chr 18 – 4cM

    Largest segment = 4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 11.2cM (0.312 Pct)
    3 shared segments found for this comparison.
    582608 SNPs used for this comparison.
    55.524 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  85. Irish on my mother’s side. Not sure how close I am to Rathlin 1, (maybe someone could tell me ?) but here are my numbers:

    Largest segment = 4.2 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 31.3cM (0.874 Pct)

    9 shared segments found for this comparison.

    595303 SNPs used for this comparison.

    54.01 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  86. Kit F999800 (Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC) Man1
    Chr 2: 3.2
    Chr 5: 3.4
    Chr 5: 4.1
    Chr 7: 3.2
    Chr 8: 3.0
    Chr 15: 3.2
    Chr 16: 3.2
    Chr 17: 3.1
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 26.3cM (0.733 Pct)
    8 shared segments found for this comparison.
    430915 SNPs used for this comparison.
    52.291 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC) Ballynahatty Woman
    Chr 2: 3.3
    Chr 3: 4.4
    Chr 10: 3.2
    Chr 21: 4.0
    Largest segment = 4.4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 14.9cM (0.415 Pct)
    4 shared segments found for this comparison.
    426671 SNPs used for this comparison.
    51.858 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  87. Minimum segment set to 3.0cM, dynamic threshold size 200-400 SNPs – compared to kit HB1137349

    Rathlin1 F999800
    Chr 1: 3.1
    Chr 1: 3.7
    Chr 1: 5.0
    Chr 6: 3.1
    Chr 8: 4.9
    Chr 8: 3.2
    Chr 15: 3.0
    Chr 18: 6.2
    Chr 18: 4.2
    Chr 21: 4.0
    Chr 22: 3.6
    Chr 22: 3.0
    Total: 47.1
    Largest: 6.2

    Rathlin2 F999802
    Chr 10: 4.0

    BallynaHatty F999805
    Chr 1: 5.1
    Chr 1: 3.7
    Chr 4: 3.4
    Chr 5: 3.6
    Chr 5: 6.1
    Chr 7: 5.8
    Chr 15: 4.2
    Chr 16: 3.6
    Chr 17: 3.7
    Chr 19: 5.2
    Total: 44.3
    Largest: 6.1

    My known ethnicity is the English/Welsh borders (Shropshire, Flintshire & Denbighshire) and central England (Leicestershire & Warwickshire) no known Irish or Scots connections found in the last 200 years – though most sites think I should have about 20%?

    Reply
  88. My name is Loretta Black and I live in Texas in the USA. I share DNA With the Ballynahatty, Ireland Neolithic Female. F999805 (Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC)

    Largest segment = 3.6 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 3.6cM (0.099 Pct)
    1 shared segments found for this comparison.

    Also with the Bitcom Switzerland, F999803 (Bichon Switzerland 13.7ky cal BP)

    Largest segment = 5.9 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 5.9cM (0.164 Pct)
    1 shared segments found for this comparison.

    And Kit F999804 (Kotias Georgia 9.7ky cal BP) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Largest segment = 4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 4cM (0.11 Pct)
    1 shared segments found for this comparison.
    By Y’all

    Reply
  89. Dear Margaret … Thank you for your excellent research.
    Only one of my great grandparents was Irish so I am surprised at the number of “hits”.
    Living DNA gives my Patrilineal haplogroup as R–L21 (subclade S3058) Bronze Age Celtic.
    ________________________________________
    Christopher Mulholland comparing A142035 with Kit F999805 (Ballynahatty )
    Largest segment = 4.4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 18.1cM (0.503 Pct)
    5 shared segments found for this comparison.
    ________________________________________
    With Kit F999800 (Rathlin1)
    Largest segment = 4.5 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 27.3cM (0.761 Pct)
    8 shared segments found for this comparison.
    ________________________________________
    With Kit F999802 (Rathlin2)
    Largest segment = 3 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 3cM (0.084 Pct)
    1 shared segments found for this comparison.
    ________________________________________
    With Kit F999801 (Rathlin3 Ireland)
    No shared DNA segments found

    Reply
  90. Hello,

    I have with Rathlin 1 & Ballynahatty Female as detailed:

    Rathlin 1:
    Chr 4: two positions cM 5.5 & 3.6
    Chr 5: one position cM 3.2
    Chr 11: one position cM 4.5
    Chr 18: one position 5.5 cM

    Ballynahatty Female:
    Chr 7: one position 3 cM
    Chr 11: one position 3.7 cM
    Chr 13: one position 3.1 cM
    Chr 18: one position 3.4 cM

    To be honest I’m not entirely sure what it all means – I do have Irish & Welsh on my paternal side, don’t know about my maternal side of family.

    Thank you

    Reply
  91. Hello,

    Just including my connection results to Rathlin 1 & Ballynahatty Women:-

    Rathlin1:
    Chr4: two positions-cM5.5 & 3.6 – SNP’s 707 & 403
    Chr5: one position-cM3.2 – SNP’s 335
    Chr11: one position-cM4.5 – SNP’s 602
    Chr18: one position-cM5.5 – SNP’s 275

    Ballynahatty Female:
    Chr7: one position-cM3 – SNP’s 306
    Chr11: one position-cM3.7 – SNP’s 314
    Chr13: one position-cM3.1 – SNP’s 201
    Chr18: one position-cM3.4 – SNP’s 231

    Not sure what it all means or telling me, but I do have Irish & Welsh on my paternal side, not sure the maternal.

    Reply
  92. Surprizing or not? I’m a Dutchman with mostly Dutch and German ancestry. My Y-DNA is R-Z8 (below the R-U106 branch, which is a part of the R1b haplogroup). My mtDNA is J1c. I wouln’t have thought I would have a match with these Irish samples, but I do. I match two ancient Irish samples:

    at 3 cM treshold (F999800 already is showing at a 6 cM treshold):

    F999800 (Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC): Largest segment = 5.8 cM. Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 28.4cM (0.793 Pct). 6 shared segments found for this comparison.

    F999805 (Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC): Largest segment = 4.8 cM. Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 4.8cM (0.133 Pct). 1 shared segments found for this comparison.

    I assume my R1b heritage from North West Europe is the cause of these matches. I don’t think these matches show that I’m related, but I do believe I share ancestors with these persons.

    Reply
  93. A786967

    I match with Ballynahatty woman F999805.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    2 53,831,467 58,842,418 3.4 600

    Largest segment = 3.4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 3.4cM (0.095 Pct)
    1 shared segments found for this comparison.
    407276 SNPs used for this comparison.
    52.115 Pct SNPs are full identical

    And Rathlin1 Man on.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    3 186,571,559 187,620,527 3.4 257

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    9 25,616,984 27,477,874 3.3 425

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    14 30,880,729 32,786,268 3.9 247

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    15 28,181,981 29,884,907 4.3 203

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    22 48,607,014 49,198,744 4.2 249

    Largest segment = 4.3 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 19cM (0.53 Pct)
    5 shared segments found for this comparison.
    411451 SNPs used for this comparison.
    52.083 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  94. Iain Old) [Migration – F2 – T] and Kit F999800 (Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC) [GEDmatch Xfer]

    Segment threshold size will be adjusted dynamically between 200 and 400 SNPs
    Minimum segment cM to be included in total = 3.0 cM
    Mismatch-bunching Limit will be adjusted dynamically to 60 percent of the segment threshold size for any given segment.

    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs

    2 130,576,290 133,165,454 3.5 217
    2 231,849,914 233,838,028 3.2 366
    3 146,973,383 148,695,855 3.1 329
    8 56,466,441 60,195,008 4.4 824
    18 6,082,338 6,907,853 3.7 231

    Largest segment = 4.4 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 17.9cM (0.498 Pct)
    5 shared segments found for this comparison.
    596720 SNPs used for this comparison.
    55.326 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  95. I have a 147cm match with Rathlin 1 at 3cm. Many segments are 4cms or 5cms. My ancestry is 50% Irish with ancestors from Donegal and Tyrone:
    Largest segment = 5.8 cM
    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 147.4cM (4.109 Pct)
    38 shared segments found for this comparison.
    410376 SNPs used for this comparison.
    52.122 Pct SNPs are full identical

    I have a total of 90cm with Ballynahatty woman.
    Largest segment = 5.5 cM

    Total Half-Match segments (HIR) 90.9cM (2.535 Pct)
    25 shared segments found for this comparison.
    406220 SNPs used for this comparison.
    51.912 Pct SNPs are full identical

    Reply
  96. Hello
    I am from Slovakia and 14.8% is a surprise to me. I know that some of the ancestors came to Slovakia from Croatia and Germany, but not from the Celtic countries. DNA probably remained in the Carpathian Basin during migration.☺☺

    more than 200 SNPs
    Ballynahatty Ireland 3.2ky cal BC-mtDNA: HV0 +195
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    7 83 116 386 89 025 801 3,5 307

    Rathlin1 Ireland 2.0ky cal BC:- mtDNA: U5a1b1e,Y-DNA: R1b1a2a1a2c1g
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    2 133 772 581 137 114 910 3,3 237
    Chr B37 Start Pos’n B37 End Pos’n Centimorgans (cM) SNPs
    22 42 567 090 44 929 806 5 279
    Rathlin2 Ireland 1.9ky cal BC:- Rathlin2:mtDNA: U5b2a2,Y-DNA: R1b1a2a1a2c1
    No Match
    Rathlin3 Ireland 1.6ky cal BC: mtDNA: J2b1a,Y-DNA: R1b1a2a1a2c
    No Match

    ethnicity results – My Heritage
    East European 59.6%
    Irish, Scottish, and Welsh 14.8% ——/ surprise for me/
    Balkan 13.6%
    North and West European 12.0%

    Y-dna R-YP1337 West Slavs – Wends

    have a nice day

    Reply
  97. Rathlin 1 Full Ident. 53.042%
    CH.1. 232snp 3.6cm
    CH.3. 295. 3.1cm
    CH4. 285. 3.9cm
    CH.9. 213. 3.1cm

    Rathlin 2. No match
    Rathlin 3. No match

    Ballnahatty female. Full Ident. 52.688%
    CH.3 234snp. 3.6cm
    CH10. 251snp. 3.6cm

    Reply
  98. Ballynahatty Woman
    Ch8 3.4cm
    Ch12 3.6cm
    Ch16 3.2cm
    Ch17 3.3cm
    Ch18 3.9cm
    Ch20 5.6cm

    Rathlin man 1
    largest segment 3.5cm

    Ancestry concentrated solely in Co Tipperary with the exception of my O’Neill ancestors who came down from Co Tyrone in the late 1600’s.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.